|地区：||United Kingdom 英国|
|风格：||后朋克 Post-Punk, 哥特摇滚 Gothic Rock|
乐队于1978年由吉他兼主唱Daniel Ash、贝司兼主唱David Jay和鼓手Kevin Haskins和其后相当著名的主唱Peter Murphy组成。最初乐队称作Bauhaus 1919，1979年他们改称Bauhaus，意为德国的一个建筑学派。同年8月，乐队在独立厂牌Small Wonder Records旗下发行了单曲“Bela Lugosi's Dead”，尽管这首歌连流行排行榜的边都没摸着，但却成为了事实上的歌特摇滚圣歌，在英国独立榜上停留了数年，他们歌特摇滚之父的称号由此而来。三个月后乐队签约于Beggars Banquet的一个子公司，也就是国内名声显赫的4AD。在又发行了两张单曲后1980年10月乐队的处女专辑《In the Flat Field》发行，并居流行榜NO.72、独立榜NO.1。时隔一年，他们发行了第二张专辑《Mask》，这张唱片充分展示了乐队更加雄心勃勃的的音乐方向，这个新方向将重金属和电子音乐结合成了领先时代甚多的新的音乐结构，在不放弃原来音乐黑暗凶险内核的前提下，他们的音乐变得更易于被人接受了。《Mask》在商业上获得了相当的成功，同时也为乐队以后进一步商业化打下了很好的基础。其后一系列成绩不错的EP和单曲催生了1982年那张名列专辑榜第4的专辑《The Sky's Gone Out》。1983年Peter Murphy因肺炎而未能参加Bauhaus的第四张专辑《Burning from the Inside》的创作，结果反而使这张唱片充分体现了Daniel Ash和David Jay更个人化、更情绪化的风格。在Murphy康复后，乐队去日本进行了巡回演出，回到英国后于7月解散。
Bauhaus are the founding fathers of goth rock, creating a minimalistic, overbearingly gloomy style of post-punk rock driven by jagged guitar chords and cold, distant synthesizers. Throughout their brief career, the band explored all the variations on their bleak musical ideas, adding elements of glam rock, experimental electronic rock, funk, and heavy metal. While their following has never expanded beyond a cult, they kept their cult alive well into the 90s, a full decade after they disbanded.
The group formed in 1978 in Northampton, England. Guitarist/vocalist Daniel Ash, bassist/vocalist David J (born David Jay Haskins), and drummer Kevin Haskins had played together as a trio called the Craze before forming Bauhaus with vocalist Peter Murphy. Originally, the band was called Bauhaus 1919 after the German art movement; by 1979, they had dropped the 1919 from their name.
In August of 1979, the group released their debut single, Bela Lugosis Dead, on the independent record label Small Wonder Records. Although it did not make the pop charts, it became the de facto goth rock anthem, staying in the U.K. independent charts for years. Three months later, the group signed with Beggars Banquets subsidiary label, 4AD. The groups second single, Dark Entries, was released in January 1980. Following their first European tour, Bauhaus released their third single, Terror Couple Kill Colonel, in the summer of that year, which became a hit on the indie charts.
After touring America for the first time in September, the group released a version of T. Rexs Telegram Sam. In October, they released their debut album, In the Flat Field, which reached number one on the independent charts and number 72 on the pop charts. The success of the album led to their first hits on the pop charts; both Kick in the Eye and The Passion of Lovers made the U.K. Top 60 in 1981. In October, they released their second album, Mask, which revealed a more ambitious musical direction; the new direction, which featured elements of metal and electronic sonic textures, made the music more accessible without abandoning the dark, foreboding core of their music. Mask was a commercial success, peaking at number 30 on the U.K. charts.
In March of 1982, Bauhaus released the EP Searching for Satori, which reached number 45 on the U.K. charts; another successful single, Spirit, followed in the summer. That fall, the group had a number 15 hit with their version of David Bowies Ziggy Stardust. The success of the single propelled their third album, The Skys Gone Out, to number four on the album charts.
Murphy contracted pneumonia at the beginning of 1983, which prevented him from participating in the recording sessions for Bauhaus fourth album, Burning From the Inside. Consequently, the record featured substantial contributions from Ash and J, who both pursued more personal and atmospheric directions. After Murphy recovered, the band toured Japan and then returned to the U.K. to promote the summer release of Burning From the Inside. The album was another hit, peaking at number 13. In July, Bauhaus split up.
After Bauhaus breakup, Murphy formed Dalis Car with Japans Mick Karn and then pursued a solo career. Ash continued with Tones on Tail, a project he began in 1981; Kevin Haskins also joined the band after Bauhaus split. J made some solo records and joined the Jazz Butcher briefly. Ash, Haskins, and J formed Love and Rockets in 1985 after a proposed Bauhaus reunion fell apart because Peter Murphy wasnt interested in the project. More than a decade later, however, with the careers of both Love and Rockets and Peter Murphy at a standstill, Bauhaus re-formed for several live dates in Los Angeles, mounting a full-blown tour in 1998; the two-disc Gotham documented the reunited groups performance at New Yorks Hammerstein Ballroom.
|01||Bela Lugosi's Dead||56889|
|02||Dark Entries 1998 Reissue Bonus Track||55870|
|04||Hollow Hills MV||18062|
|05||In the Flat Field||16646|
|06||God in an Alcove||13510|
|07||Stigmata Martyr MV||12093|
|08||She's in Parties MV||10256|
|09||Hair of the Dog||9690|