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Santana桑塔纳 / Carlos Santana

地区: United States of America 美国
风格: 融合爵士 Jazz Fusion, 爵士摇滚 Jazz Rock, 硬摇滚 Hard Rock, 布鲁斯摇滚 Blues Rock, 拉丁摇滚 Latin Rock
档案:
骋驰乐坛30多年的Santana,创作源源不断外,与乐迷始终保持良好的互动,Santana非常清楚自个儿的魅力,Carlos以Jam Session起家,摇滚史上几个重要的音乐季Festival,都少不了Santana的现场莅临,最受瞩目的是1969年超过50万人次的Woodstock,以及后来在达拉斯举办该年第三大的Texas International Pop Festival,1973年Rolling Stone定期访美巡回表演,亦邀请Santana助兴,1978年在第二届California Jam贵为上宾,1982年的音乐盛事US Festival ,盛邀几个重量级的乐团参与,Santana想当然尔的在应邀之列,1985年7月为援非而在英美同步举办超大型的Live Aid, 1991年远赴巴西参加年度盛会Rock Rio II,以及91年为追悼BillGraham所举办的35万人音乐会,都少不了Santana的身影,Santana在国际乐坛所受到的瞩目,让不同国度的乐迷都引颈期盼,恭迎其盛。
 
生于墨西哥的Carlos Santana,1962年来到加州,完成高中学业后就一脑子栽进摇滚乐里,长时间沉浸于加州嬉皮文化,耳濡目染之下可发现Santana大部份专辑封面,都有浓浓的嬉皮色彩,手绘插画、颜色鲜明、字体很有创意,第一张及第二张专辑封面就很嬉皮,可是到了第三张专辑《Santana III》改采虚幻诡奇设计,似乎显露Santana隐含着幻觉Psychedelic的意含,听Santana的音乐的确充满亢奋、又有摇头晃脑的冲动。
 
Santana 的主唱Gregg Rolie认为,到了第三张专辑已经走到World Beat与Latin Rock的一种结合,而且还很难去为这样的音乐型态下一个定义,但是Santana的音乐已到无人取代,可见Santana乐风之特立独行,绝对是摇滚乐坛里的少数。No One To Depend On、Everybody's Everything应是专辑中的佼佼之作,Carlos的吉他几乎可以和任何乐器合作无间,甚至包括合声。让我们难以想象的是,Santana的团员编制有七人,若再加上外聘的乐手人数竟高达12人!Carlos Santana越搞越大,之后他又另请一位享誉乐界的吉他高手Neal Schon参与,两人各展其技,颇有较劲意味,可惜一山难容二虎,Neal Schon后来求去,并与原主唱Gregg Rolie共组知名乐团Journey。
 
Santana的前三张专辑公认为该团的重要经典,其最大原因是因为人和,那是Carlos从 66年带出来的人,长时间一起打拼,默契早已养成。1972年Santana重新改组,推出《Caravanserai》专辑,风格又偏向于爵士,新的键盘手Tom Coster取代了Gregg Rolie,成为Carlos得意助手,原鼓手Mike Shrieve此次与Carlos挑起大梁共同录制La Fuente Del Ritmo,由于曲风带有爵士,因此在编曲上钢琴的份量增加不少。
 
Carlos 除了忙于推出Santana的专辑外,自己也不忘发行个人的专辑,他之所以会想要有自己的专辑,纯是为了个人的兴趣,而且与同好一起玩玩,第一张是与 Buddy Miles合作《Live Carlos Santana & Buddy Miles》,而1973年《Love Devotion Surrender》则是全新的创作,这是与John McLaughlin两人联手吉他,一起玩JAZZ-FUSSION,实验意味浓厚。
 
Santana is the primary exponent of Latin-tinged rock, particularly due to its combination of Latin percussion (congas, timbales, etc.) with bandleader Carlos Santana's distinctive, high-pitched lead guitar playing. The group was the last major act to emerge from the psychedelic San Francisco music scene of the 1960s and it enjoyed massive success at the end of the decade and into the early '70s. The musical direction then changed to a more contemplative and jazzy style as the band's early personnel gradually departed, leaving the name in the hands of Carlos Santana, who guided the group to consistent commercial success over the next quarter-century. By the mid-'90s, Santana seemed spent as a commercial force on records, though the group continued to attract audiences for its concerts worldwide. But the band made a surprising and monumental comeback in 1999 with Supernatural, an album featuring many guest stars that became Santana's best-selling release and won a raft of Grammy Awards.
 
Mexican-native Carlos Santana (born July 20, 1947, in Autlan de Navarro, Mexico) moved to San Francisco in the early '60s, by which time he was already playing the guitar professionally. In 1966, he formed the Santana Blues Band with keyboard player and singer Gregg Rolie (born June 17, 1947, in Seattle, WA) and other musicians, the personnel changing frequently. The group was given its name due to a musicians union requirement that a single person be named a band's leader and it did not at first indicate that Carlos was in charge. Bass player David Brown (born February 15, 1947, in New York, NY) joined early on, as did Carlos' high school friend, conga player Mike Carabello (born November 18, 1947, in San Francisco), though he did not stay long at first. By mid-1967, the band's lineup consisted of Carlos, Rolie, Brown, drummer Bob &Doc& Livingston, and percussionist Marcus Malone. The name was shortened simply to Santana and the group came to the attention of promoter Bill Graham, who gave it its debut at his Fillmore West theater on June 16, 1968. Santana was signed to Columbia Records, which sent producer David Rubinson to tape the band at a four-night stand at the Fillmore West December 19-22, 1968. The results were not released until almost 30 years later, when Columbia/Legacy issued Live at the Fillmore 1968 in 1997.
 
Livingston and Malone left the lineup in 1969 and were replaced by Carabello and drummer Michael Shrieve (born July 6, 1949, in San Francisco), with a second percussionist, Jose &Chepito& Areas (born July 25, 1946, in Leon, Nicaragua) making Santana a sextet. The band recorded its self-titled debut album and began to tour nationally, making an important stop at the Woodstock festival on August 15, 1969. Santana was released the same month. It peaked in the Top Five, going on to remain in the charts over two years, sell over two million copies, and spawn the Top 40 single &Jingo& and the Top Ten single &Evil Ways.& Santana's performance of &Soul Sacrifice& was a highlight of the documentary film Woodstock and its double-platinum soundtrack album, which appeared in 1970. The band's second album, Abraxas, was released in September 1970 and was even more successful than its first. It hit number one, remaining in the charts more than a-year-and-a-half and eventually selling over four million copies while spawning the Top Five hit &Black Magic Woman& and the Top Ten hit &Oye Como Va.& By the end of the year, the group had added a seventh member, teenage guitarist Neal Schon (born February 27, 1954).
 
Santana's third album, Santana III, was performed by the seven band members, though several guest musicians were also mentioned in the credits, notably percussionist Coke Escovedo, who played on all the tracks. Released in September 1971, the album was another massive hit, reaching number one and eventually selling over two million copies while spawning the Top Ten hit &Everybody's Everything& and the Top 20 hit &No One to Depend On.& But it marked the end of the Woodstock-era edition of Santana, which broke up at the end of the tour promoting it, with Carlos retaining rights to the band name.
 
Following a tour with Buddy Miles that resulted in a live duo album (Carlos Santana & Buddy Miles! Live!), Carlos reorganized Santana and recorded the fourth Santana band album, Caravanserai, on which each track featured individual musician credits. From the previous lineup, Rolie, Shrieve, Areas, and Schon appeared, alongside pianist Tom Coster, percussionist James Mingo Lewis, percussionist Armando Peraza, guitarist/bassist Douglas Rauch, and percussionist Rico Reyes, among others. (Rolie and Schon left to form Journey.) The album was released in September 1972; it peaked in the Top Five and was eventually certified platinum. It was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring.
 
Carlos, who had become a disciple of the guru Sri Chinmoy and adopted the name Devadip (meaning &the eye, the lamp, and the light of God&), next made a duo album with John McLaughlin, guitarist with the Mahavishnu Orchestra (Love Devotion Surrender). Meanwhile, the lineup of Santana continued to fluctuate. On Welcome, the band's fifth album, released in November 1973, it consisted of Carlos, Shrieve, Areas, Coster, Peraza, Rauch, keyboard player Richard Kermode, and singer Leon Thomas. The album went gold and peaked in the Top 20. In May 1974, Lotus, a live album featuring the same lineup, was released only in Japan. (It was issued in the U.S. in 1991.) Carlos continued to alternate side projects with Santana band albums, next recording a duo LP with John Coltrane's widow Alice Coltrane (Illuminations). Columbia decided to cash in on the band's diminishing popularity by releasing Santana's Greatest Hits in July 1974. The compilation peaked in the Top 20 and eventually went double platinum. The sixth new Santana album, Borboletta, followed in October. The band personnel for the LP featured Carlos, Shrieve, Areas, Coster, Peraza, a returning David Brown, saxophonist Jules Broussard, and singer Leon Patillo, plus guest stars Flora Purim, Airto Moreira, and Stanley Clarke. Borboletta peaked in the Top 20 and eventually went gold. Carlos steered Santana back to a more commercial sound in the mid-'70s in an attempt to stop the eroding sales of the band's albums. He enlisted Santana's original producer, David Rubinson, to handle the next LP. The band was streamlined to a sextet consisting of himself, Coster, Peraza, Brown, drummer Ndugu Leon Chancler (Shrieve having departed to work with Stomu Yamashta), and singer Greg Walker. The result was Amigos, released in March 1976, which returned Santana to the Top Ten and went gold. The band was back only nine months later with another Rubinson production, Festival, for which Santana consisted of Carlos, Coster, returning members Jose &Chepito& Areas and Leon Patillo, drummer Gaylord Birch, percussionist Raul Rekow, and bass player Pablo Telez. This album peaked in the Top 40 and went gold. Never having issued a live album in the U.S., Santana made up for the lapse with Moonflower, released in October 1977, for which the band consisted of Carlos, Coster, Areas, Rekow, Telez, returning member Greg Walker, percussionist Pete Escovedo, drummer Graham Lear, and bass player David Margen. The album peaked in the Top Ten and eventually went platinum, its sales stimulated by the single release of a revival of the Zombies' &She's Not There& that peaked in the Top 20, Santana's first hit single in nearly six years.
 
Turning to producers Dennis Lambert and Brian Potter, Santana returned to the studio for Inner Secrets, released in October 1978. The revamped lineup this time was Carlos, Rekow, Walker, Lear, Margen, returning members Coke Escovedo and Armando Peraza, keyboard player Chris Rhyne, and guitarist/keyboard player Chris Solberg. The album was quickly certified gold, and a revival of the Classics IV hit &Stormy& made the Top 40, but Inner Secrets peaked disappointingly below the Top 20. Once again adopting his guru name of Devadip, Carlos issued his first real solo album (Oneness/Silver Dreams - Golden Reality) in February 1979. Marathon, the tenth Santana band studio album, followed in September, produced by Keith Olsen, the band here being Carlos, Rekow, Lear, Margen, Peraza, Solberg, singer Alex Ligertwood, and keyboard player Alan Pasqua. The album equaled the success of Inner Secrets, peaking outside the Top 20 but going gold, with &You Know That I Love You& becoming a Top 40 single. Again, Carlos followed in the winter with another solo effort (the Swing of Delight).
 
Santana (Carlos, Rekow, Lear, Margen, Peraza, Ligertwood, keyboard player Richard Baker, and percussionist Orestes Vilato) spent some extra time on its next release, not issuing Zebop! until March 1981, and the extra effort paid off. Paced by the Top 20 single &Winning,& the album reached the Top Ten and went gold. The band lavished similar attention on Shango, which was released in August 1982. The same lineup as that on Zebop! was joined by original member Gregg Rolie, who also co-produced the album. A music video helped Santana enjoy its first Top Ten single in more than a decade with &Hold On,& but that did not translate into increased sales for the album, which peaked in the Top 20 but became the band's first LP not to at least go gold. Carlos followed with another solo album (Havana Moon), but did not release a new Santana band album until February 1985 with Beyond Appearances, produced by Val Garay. By now the lineup consisted of Carlos, Rekow, Peraza, Ligertwood, Vilato, returning member Greg Walker, bass player Alphonso Johnson, keyboard player David Sancious, drummer Chester C. Thompson, and keyboard player Chester D. Thompson. &Say It Again,& the album's single, reached the Top 40, but that was better than the LP did.
 
Santana staged a 20-year anniversary reunion concert in August 1986 featuring many past bandmembers. The February 1987 album Freedom marked the formal inclusion of Buddy Miles as a member of Santana, alongside Carlos, Rekow, Peraza, Vilato, Johnson, Chester D. Thompson, and returning members Tom Coster and Graham Lear. The album barely made the Top 100. Carlos followed in the fall with another solo album (Blues for Salvador), winning his first Grammy Award in the process (Best Rock Instrumental Performance for the title track). In 1988, he added Wayne Shorter to the band for a tour, then put together a reunion edition of Santana that featured Areas, Rolie, and Shrieve beside Johnson, Peraza, and Thompson. In October, Columbia celebrated the 20-year anniversary of the band's signing to the label with the retrospective Viva Santana! The next new Santana album was Spirits Dancing in the Flesh, released in June 1990, for which the band was Carlos, Peraza, Thompson, returning member Alex Ligertwood, drummer Walfredo Reyes, and bass player Benny Rietveld. A modest seller that made only the lower reaches of the Top 100, it marked the end of the band's 22-year tenure at Columbia Records.
 
In 1991, Santana signed to Polydor Records, which, in April 1992, released the band's 16th studio album, Milagro. The lineup was Carlos, Thompson, Ligertwood, Reyes, Rietvald, and percussionist Karl Perazzo. Polydor was not able to reverse the band's commercial decline, as the album became Santana's first new studio release not to reach the Top 100. The group followed in November 1993 with Sacred Fire - Live in South America, which featured Carlos, Thompson, Ligertwood, Reyes, Perazzo, singer Vorriece Cooper, bass player Myron Dove, and guitarist Jorge Santana, Carlos' brother. The album barely made the charts. In 1994, Carlos, Jorge, and their nephew Carlos Hernandez, released Santana Brothers, another marginal chart entry. The same year, Areas, Carabello, Rolie, and Shrieve formed a band called Abraxas and released the album Abraxas Pool, which did not chart.
 
Santana left Polydor and signed briefly to EMI before moving to Arista Records, run by Clive Davis, who had been president of Columbia during the band's heyday. Carlos and Davis put together Supernatural, which was stuffed with appearances by high-profile guest stars including Eagle-Eye Cherry, Wyclef Jean, Eric Clapton, Lauryn Hill, Rob Thomas of matchbox 20, Everlast, and Dave Matthews. Arista released the album in June 1999, followed by the single &Smooth& featuring Rob Thomas. Album and single hit number one and in 2000, a second single, &Maria Maria,& also topped the charts. Supernatural's sales exploded, taking it past ten million copies and the album garnered 11 Grammy nominations. Santana won eight Grammys, for Record of the Year (&Smooth&), Album of the Year, Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal (&Maria Maria&), Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals (&Smooth&), Best Pop Instrumental Performance (&El Farol&), Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal (&Put Your Lights On&), Best Rock Instrumental Performance (&The Calling&), and Best Rock Album, and &Smooth& won the Grammy for Song of the Year for authors Rob Thomas and Itaal Shur. The follow-up, Shaman, appeared in 2002. Three years later All That I Am arrived with Steven Tyler, Michelle Branch, Big Boi, Joss Stone, Bo Bice, and many more making guest appearances.
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热门评论

  • digitalboy

    digitalboy2013-07-19 16:10 赞(87) 弱(1)
    这个轿车品牌吉他弹的真好啊!和米其林一样,都是跨界人才。
  • 微微

    微微(英洋歌姬)2013-05-16 22:07 赞(59) 弱(3)
    Santana是以Carlos Santana为领军人物的摇滚乐队,由于Carlos Santana的个人魅力,当人们说到Santana(不是那个轿车)的时候就是指的Carlos Santana这个人。Carlos Santana是墨西哥裔美国人,现已是著名的吉他大师了。Santana早期的风格是迷幻摇滚,拉丁摇滚,后来又加入了很多流行元素--布鲁斯、灵魂乐、流行乐等等,再后来又变成爵士乐、冥想类型的音乐,1999年的Supernatural回归摇滚乐风格,出人意料的获得了若乾项格莱美大奖。个人认为要了解它的风格,还是要去听它早期的专辑。
  • 黄色潜水艇

    黄色潜水艇(微笑,挥手,再见。)2012-05-13 21:11 赞(35) 弱(22)
    大名鼎鼎的“桑塔纳”大叔是美国PRS吉他的首席代言人(就是林肯公园用的那种)以拉丁风格为主。可以说PRS吉他和MESA/BOOGIE音箱的走红,最大的功臣就是Carlos Santana那延音极长,华丽饱满的音色。

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