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Eminem艾米纳姆 / 痞子阿姆

地区: United States of America 美国
风格: 硬核说唱 Hardcore Hip Hop, 流行说唱 Pop Rap, 意识说唱 Conscious Hip Hop, 蹦啪说唱 Boom Bap
档案:
小档案
姓    名:Eminem埃米纳姆
国    籍:美国
星    座:天秤座
出 生 地:美国密苏里州
出生日期:1972-10-17
简介
埃米纳姆最大的突破就是证明白人也能介入到黑人一统天下的说唱(RAP)界中,而且获得巨大的成功。同时他的叛逆不仅长期以来深受美国青少年喜爱,也让他在舆论中始终遭到抨击。Eminem获得的奖杯总数窜至历史第三位,居麦当娜和彼得•盖布瑞尔之后。
阿姆是“嘻哈”界极少数成功的“白人”歌手之一,音乐也受到乐评人广泛好评。他自己作的歌词韵律感很强,也能够在保持音乐节拍不变的情况下在一首歌中改变好几次自己的说唱节奏和风格。脏话连篇,同时他也因为歌词的内容倍受争议,他很反动。渗透着“反同性恋”、“厌恶女性”的情绪,也过分描绘“暴力”。不过他最近的一些举动也在这些方面有所改观,如参加“2004年印度洋大地震为海啸捐款等。曾被雷尔教派的领袖雷尔封为荣誉“神父”,他反对说唱乐手之间的互相仇杀、反对虐待儿童。尽管认为自己并不是个在政治方面激进好斗的艺人,他也确实在一些方面嘲讽过美国的政治现象。
童年
他是神话,也是疯子。漂泊的童年是阿姆看什么都不爽的主因,饶舌成为他唯一的发泄渠道。称Eminem(艾米纳姆)是天才一点都不为过。这个出生并成长在美国汽车城8英里街道的白人,把黑人音乐演绎得神乎其神。从小生活艰辛的Eminem,几乎没有享受过什么温暖,因此造就了他独立和决绝的性格。小时候的他一直过着那种衣食无着,颠沛流离的生活,因此在他的生命里,我们同时也能看见他的一丝脆弱和孤独。
阿姆从小家境贫寒,6个月大时父亲便和母亲离婚,他至今不知道父亲是谁,母亲带他奔波于底特律和堪萨斯城,他转过二十多所学校。他从小营养不良,长得比同龄人瘦小,常常成同学欺负、凌辱对象,所以在他幼小心灵里看到这个世界就是暴力。阿姆开始喜欢说唱乐,他喜欢2 Live Crew和N.W.A.这两支爱惹事生非的说唱乐组合。据美国有关部门作的调查统计,90%左右的说唱乐歌曲都含有性、暴力等不良内容,埃米纳姆就是在这类说唱乐熏陶下畸形成长。他最好的朋友都是黑人,是黑人音乐给了他信心和出路,但这个恨透了白人的明星仍是不停地把“黑鬼”一词挂在嘴边,在他新专辑中“黑鬼”一词就出现过24次。他歌中的暴力足以让每个人震惊,但他对别人横竖看不过:“《拯救大兵瑞恩》可能是我看到的最病态、最恶心的电影,我没有看到一个人去批评其中的暴力。”没受过多少教育的他在很多方面不辨是非。他口无遮拦,言辞刻薄,连英国首相布莱尔也逃不过他的羞辱。
“我的母亲就没给我留下什么好印象。”埃米纳姆说。神经质、絮絮叨叨、爱钱如命、嗜毒成瘾,这是阿姆眼中的母亲。《杀死你》这首歌就是写他母亲的:“当我还是小孩子/我妈妈就常常告诉我些疯狂的事/他常常讲我爸爸是个恶魔/我大了一点才认识到她是个疯狂的人……”在这首歌中,埃米纳姆恨不得把他母亲一口吃掉。当他长大,认识他现在的前妻金•斯科特,这个女人也不个省油的灯,从他们认识那天起,他们的世界就没太平过,有人这样形容他们:“痛苦、神秘和戏剧性--这就像他们爱恨交织一样激发了这个艺术家的灵感。”他在《金》这首歌中幻想杀死妻子的全部过程,歌曲整个过程伴随斯科特的惨叫,恐怖残忍至极。没有母爱、甚至没有妻子的爱,使他产生痛恨妇女的变态心理,在他的词典里,“婊子”就是妇女唯一代名词,让他认可的女人只有加拿大歌星阿兰妮丝•莫里塞特(Alanis Morissette )。
直到如今,Eminem也不知道自己的父亲是谁。而他的母亲,也没能给予他多少母亲的关心和照顾。Eminem从小在“黑人区”里成长。因此他目睹了许多丑恶的交易,人性的卑劣,一些令人毛骨悚然的枪击事件,暴力事件。Eminem在接受电台访问的时候,他说过这样一段话。“你能想象在回家的时候,在家门口看见一具睁大着双眼的尸体么?我发誓我看见它了。在以后的日子里,我最希望的就是上帝保佑我别让我在看见这该死的东西”。就是在这样糟糕透顶的环境里,Eminem倔强的成长。
音乐道路
1997年,埃米纳姆他首以个人身份推出专辑《Infinite》。同年,埃米纳姆赢得Rap电台节目《Wake Up Shou》的1997年年度最佳自由式表演者,并最终获得在洛山矶举行的饶舌奥运会的自由式比赛的亚军。
1998年,埃米纳姆的《The Slim Shady EP》发行。他凭借单曲《Just Don't Give A Fuck》的演艺受邀在MC Shabaam Sahddeq的单曲《Five Star Generals》和Kid Rock的专辑《Devil Without A Cause》中和这些艺人合作。随后,埃米纳姆被Aftermath唱片公司签下,后推出专辑《The Slim Shady LP》。
2000年2月,埃米纳姆凭借专辑《The Slim Shady LP》获得第42届格莱美最佳Rap歌手和最佳Rap专辑。埃米纳姆除了蝉联这两大奖项外,和Dr.Dre共同演唱的歌曲《Forgot About Dre》亦获最佳说唱组合表演奖。在由Music Television Network组织的MTV大奖颁奖礼上,埃米纳姆凭借MV《The Real Slim Shady》囊括年度最佳MV奖和最佳MV男歌手奖。他的专辑《The Marshall Mathers LP》于2000年发行。
2001年2月21日,埃米纳姆凭借专辑《The Marshall Mathers LP》获得第43届格莱美最佳Rap歌手、最佳Rap组合和最佳Rap专辑。
2002年,埃米纳姆出演了个人第一部好莱坞电影《8英里》,并在影片《8英里》中演唱了《迷失自我》(Lose Yourself),获得奥斯卡最佳电影歌曲奖。同年,阿姆推出了个人第三张专辑 《The Eminem Show》,他的《The Eminem Show》是那年Billboard 200专辑榜年终排行的冠军。
2003年2月23日,埃米纳姆凭借专辑《The Eminem Show》获得第45届格莱美最佳Rap专辑奖。
2004年2月,埃米纳姆凭借歌曲《Lose Yourself》获得第46届格莱美最佳Rap歌手和最佳Rap歌曲。
2005年2月9日,埃米纳姆获得第25届全英音乐大奖“最佳国际男艺人”奖。2005年,他自爆患有睡眠性药物依赖综合症,不得不暂停将在欧洲举办的十场巡演。同年,他的《Encore》在当年Billboard 200专辑年终排行榜中获得亚军,首周销量为44万1千张。
2006年4月,曾引导并鼓励他走向饶舌世界的好友Proof在酒吧的暴乱里中弹而亡,埃米纳姆听到噩耗的一刹那,他第一次在公众面前留下了眼泪,之后暂别乐坛。
2008年10月,埃米纳姆的自传《这就是我》上市,而他的第六张专辑《旧病复发》(Relapse)在年底发行。《Relapse》是埃米纳姆连续第五张在上榜首周就获得Billboard 200专辑榜冠军的唱片。
2010年2月,埃米纳姆凭借《Crack A Bottle》与Dr. Dre & 50 Cent获得第52届格莱美最佳说唱组合,凭借专辑《Relapse》获得第52届格莱美最佳说唱专辑。
2011年12月,第53届格莱美奖的提名名单中,埃米纳姆以10项提名领跑。在埃米纳姆收获的十个奖项提名中包括最佳专辑、最佳说唱专辑,他与蕾哈娜合作的《Love the Way You Lie》还拿到了年度最佳歌曲、年度最佳制作。
2011年2月,第53届格莱美颁奖礼在美国洛杉矶举行,埃米纳姆凭借《Not Afraid》获得最佳说唱歌手,凭借《Recovery》获得最佳说唱专辑。
2013年11月3日晚,首届YouTube音乐奖颁奖盛典在纽约举行,埃米纳姆被评为年度最佳艺人。11月,埃米纳姆录音室大碟《The Marshall Mathers LP 2》 在上榜首周获得冠军,这是埃米纳姆连续第七张在英国榜中夺冠的唱片。
2014年6月,埃米纳姆成为了美国唱片业协会(RIAA)历史上第一位获得两项数字单曲钻石大奖的音乐人,他的作品数字销量和网络流量成功超过了一千万大关。埃米纳姆创造历史的这两首单曲均出自2010年的专辑《Recovery》,一首是《Not Afraid》,另外一首是他和蕾哈娜合作的11白金单曲《Love the Way You Lie》。
2015年2月,埃米纳姆凭借《The Marshall Mathers LP2》获得第57届格莱美最佳说唱专辑,凭借与蕾哈娜合作的单曲《Monster》获得了格莱美最佳说唱表演奖。
人物评价
麻烦不断,在公众眼里颇受争议,但是在乐评人眼里,却是一路绿灯。下面我们看看乐评人眼中的埃米纳姆:
“它(指专辑)意味着勇敢、亵渎、震撼,如果我们不是非常严肃看待的话实际上是很娱乐的。”(《亚利桑那共和报》);“很少能把犯罪并快乐着做得如此之妙……这个男人英勇无畏。”(CDNow);“一张真实的杰作,他可能是整个说唱乐界最伟大的说书人。”(VH1);“主流唱片界从未发行过的最令人反感的专辑,但这并未使它成为一张坏唱片。”(《华盛顿邮报》);“21世纪第一张最伟大的流行音乐唱片。”但是出于道德上的责任,作者只给打了一个D+。(《娱乐周刊》);“新专辑绝对令人恶心,但我认为这是最好的感觉。”(《伦敦每日电讯》);“极端搞笑。”(《泰晤士报》);美国极有声望的乐评人罗伯特-希尔本干脆把他与埃尔维斯-普雷斯利相提并论;MTV电视台常常宣称与暴力绝缘,却为埃阿姆做了4个专题节目,有人戏称MTV为EmTV。
美国时代杂志对其的经典总结:“这个男孩的音乐是突然之间闪现出来的,像一架战略轰炸机一样,打击了美国年轻人内心思想的薄弱之处。他的音乐充斥着愤怒,他用一种近乎于呐喊的音量向我们阐述了一些关于暴力、毒品、婊子、女人、同性恋、死亡、阴谋和爱的故事。每一个故事都贴切的体现了这一代70-80年代出生的美国年轻人的悲哀。也是整个美国社会的悲哀。短短时间里,他就用歌声营造了属于他的——EMINEM现象。”
到了岁末,埃米纳姆接连获得美国另类音乐杂志《导向》和英国最有影响的音乐杂志《Q》的“年度最佳艺人”称号,同时也获得美国《时代》周刊评选出的年度风云人物之声色版的风云人物之首。在此之前,他获得英国舞曲奖中的最佳专辑奖、MTV音乐大奖中的3项大奖。
1972-1991 Early life
Mathers was born on October 17, 1972, in St. Joseph, Missouri. During his childhood Eminem and Debbie shuttled between Missouri and Michigan, rarely staying in one house for more than a year or two and living primarily with family members. In Missouri they lived in several places, including Saint Joseph, Savannah and Kansas City. As a teenager, Eminem wrote letters to his father; according to Debbie, all came back marked "Return to sender."Friends and family remember Eminem as a happy child, but "a bit of a loner" who was often bullied. One bully, De'Angelo Bailey, severely injured Eminem in the head; Debbie Nelson filed a lawsuit against the school in 1982, which was dismissed the following year.Eminem spent much of his youth in a lower-middle-class, primarily Black Detroit neighborhood.He and Debbie were one of three white households on their block, and Eminem was beaten by Black youths several times.As a child he was interested in storytelling, aspiring to be a comic-book artist before discovering hip hop.
At age 14, he began rapping with high-school friend Mike Ruby; they adopted the names "Manix" and "M&M," the latter of which evolved into "Eminem".Eminem snuck into neighboring Osborn High School with friend and fellow rapper Proof for lunchroom freestyle rap battles.On Saturdays they attended open-mic contests at the Hip-Hop Shop on West 7 Mile, considered ground-zero for the Detroit rap scene.Struggling to succeed in a predominantly Black industry, Eminem was appreciated by underground hip hop audiences.When he wrote verses, he wanted most of the words to rhyme; he wrote long words or phrases on paper and, underneath, worked on rhymes for each syllable.Although the words often made little sense, the drill helped Eminem practice sounds and rhymes.
1992-1999 Early career,Infinite,and The Slim Shady LP
As Eminem's reputation grew, he was recruited by several rap groups; the first was the New Jacks. After they disbanded he joined Soul Intent, who released a single on their 1995 self-titled EP featuring Proof.Eminem and Proof then teamed up with four other rappers to form The Dirty Dozen (D12), who released their first album Devil's Night in 2001.
Eminem was soon signed to Jeff and Mark Bass's FBT Productions, and recorded his debut album Infinite for their independent Web Entertainment label.After the release of Infinite, his personal problems and substance abuse culminated in a suicide attempt.By March 1997 he was fired from Gilbert's Lodge for the last time, and lived in his mother's mobile home with Kim and Hailie.
In the spring of 1997 he recorded his debut EP, The Slim Shady EP, which was released that winter by Web Entertainment.The EP, with frequent references to drug use, sexual acts, mental instability and violence, also explored the more-serious themes of dealing with poverty and marital and family difficulties and revealed his direct, self-deprecating response to criticism.Hip-hop magazine The Source featured Eminem in its "Unsigned Hype" column in March 1998.
Eminem released The Slim Shady LP in February 1999. Although it was one of the year's most popular albums (certified triple platinum by the end of the year),he was accused of imitating the style and subject matter of underground rapper Cage.The album's popularity was accompanied by controversy over its lyrics; in "'97 Bonnie and Clyde" Eminem describes a trip with his infant daughter when he disposes of his wife's body, and in "Guilty Conscience" which encourages a man to murder his wife and her lover.
2000-2002 The Marshall Mathers LP and The Eminem Show
The Marshall Mathers LP was released in May 2000. It sold 1,760,000 copies in its first week, breaking US records held by Snoop Dogg's Doggystyle for fastest-selling hip hop album and Britney Spears' ...Baby One More Time for fastest-selling solo album.
In July 2000, Eminem was the first white artist to appear on the cover of The Source magazine.The Marshall Mathers LP has been certified 11× platinum by the RIAA.
Eminem performed with Elton John at the 43rd Grammy Awards ceremony in 2001, with the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD, an organization which considered Eminem's lyrics homophobic) condemning John's decision to perform with Eminem.
On February 21, the day of the awards ceremony, GLAAD held a protest outside the Staples Center (the ceremony's venue).In 2001 Eminem appeared in the Up in Smoke Tour with rappers Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Xzibit and Ice Cube and the Family Values Tour with Limp Bizkit,headlining the Anger Management Tour with Papa Roach, Ludacris and Xzibit.
The Eminem Show was released in May 2002. It was another success, reaching number one on the charts and selling over 1.332 million copies during its first full week.The Eminem Show was the best-selling album of 2002.
2003-2007 Encore and musical hiatus
Encore, released in 2004, was another success. Its sales were partially driven by the first single, "Just Lose It", which contained slurs about Michael Jackson. On October 12, 2004, a week after the release of "Just Lose It", Jackson phoned the Los Angeles-based Steve Harvey radio show to report his displeasure with its video (which parodies Jackson's child molestation trial, plastic surgery and the 1984 incident when Jackson's hair caught fire during the filming of a commercial).
On October 25, 2004, a week before the 2004 US Presidential election, Eminem released the video for "Mosh" on the Internet.
In 2005, industry insiders speculated that Eminem was considering ending his rapping career after six years and several multi-platinum albums.
In September 2007 Eminem called New York radio station WQHT during an interview with 50 Cent, saying that he was "in limbo" and "debating" about when (or if) he would release another album: "I'm always working – I'm always in the studio. It feels good right now, the energy of the label. For a while, I didn't want to go back to the studio ... I went through some personal things. I'm coming out of those personal things and it feels good."
2008-2009 Replapse and Refill
In December 2008 the rapper provided a few more details about the album, entitled Relapse: "Me and Dre are back in the lab like the old days, man. Dre will end up producing the majority of the tracks on 'Relapse'. We are up to our old mischievous ways ... let's just leave it at that."
According to a March 5, 2009 press release, Eminem would release two new albums that year. Relapse, the first, was released on May 19; its first single and music video, "We Made You", had been released on April 7.
During the 2009 MTV Movie Awards, Sacha Baron Cohen descended on the audience in an angel costume. On October 30 he headlined at the Voodoo Experience in New Orleans, his first full performance of the year.
2010-2011 Recovery and Bad Meets Evil reunion
On April 14, 2010, Eminem tweeted: "There is no Relapse 2". Although his followers thought he was not releasing an album, he had changed its title to Recovery and confirmed this by tweeting "RECOVERY" with a link to his website.
Billboard reported that it was the bestselling album of 2010, making Eminem the first artist in Nielsen SoundScan history with two year-end bestselling albums.Recovery is the bestselling digital album in history.Its first single, "Not Afraid", was released on April 29 and debuted atop the Billboard Hot 100; its music video was released on June 4."Not Afraid" was followed by "Love the Way You Lie", which debuted at number two before rising to the top.Although "Love the Way You Lie" was the bestselling 2010 single in the United Kingdom, it did not reach number one (the first time this has happened in the UK since 1969).
He opened the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards on September 12, performing "Not Afraid" and "Love the Way You Lie" with Rihanna singing the choruses.Due to the success of Recovery and the Home & Home Tour, Eminem was named the 2010 Hottest MC in the Game by MTV and Emcee of the Year by the online magazine HipHopDX.He and Rihanna again collaborated on "Love the Way You Lie (Part II)", the sequel of their hit single. Unlike the original, Rihanna is the lead vocalist and it is sung from the female perspective.In December 2010, the "Great Eminem Recovery" was number one on Billboard's Top 25 Music Moments of 2010. He appeared at the 2011 Grammy Awards on February 13, performing "Love the Way You Lie (Part II)" with Rihanna and Adam Levine and "I Need a Doctor" with Dr. Dre and Skylar Grey.
In 2010, Eminem again began collaborating with Royce da 5'9" on their first EP as Bad Meets Evil; the duo formed in 1999. The EP, Hell: The Sequel, was released on June 14, 2011.
Eminem was featured on Royce da 5'9"'s "Writer's Block", released on April 8, 2011.On May 3 they released the lead single "Fast Lane" from their upcoming EP, and a music video was filmed.In March 2011, within days of each other, The Eminem Show and The Marshall Mathers LP were certified diamond by the RIAA; Eminem is the only rapper with two diamond-certified albums.
2012-2013 The Marshall Mathers LP 2
Eminem announced on May 24, 2012 that he was working on his next album,scheduled for release the following year.Without a title or release date, it was included on a number of "Most Anticipated Albums of 2013" lists (including MTV); Complex Magazine ranked it sixth, and XXL listed it fifth.
The Marshall Mathers LP 2 (following The Marshall Mathers LP) and was scheduled for release on November 5.The album was released on November 5 by Aftermath Entertainment, Shady Records and Interscope Records. Its standard version had 16 tracks, and the deluxe version included a second disc with five additional tracks. The Marshall Mathers LP 2 was Eminem's seventh album to debut atop the Billboard 200, and had the year's second-largest first-week sales.
In the United Kingdom The Marshall Mathers LP 2 debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart. The first American artist with seven consecutive UK number-one albums, he is tied with The Beatles for second place for the most consecutive chart-topping UK albums.
2014-present Shady XV and Southpaw
According to an August 25 press release on Eminem's website, the hashtag was the name of an upcoming Shady Records compilation: Shady XV. 
Shady XV, released on November 24 during Black Friday week,consists of one greatest-hits disc and one disc of new material by Shady Records artists such as D12, Slaughterhouse, Bad Meets Evil and Yelawolf. The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 chart, with first-week sales of 138,000 copies in the United States.
Eminem is the executive producer of the soundtrack on the sports drama Southpaw, with Shady Records. The first single from the soundtrack called 'Phenomenal' was released on June 2, 2015.Another single, "Kings Never Die" by Eminem featuring Gwen Stefani, was released on July 10, 2015 on YouTube via Eminem's Vevo account.
In June 2015, it was revealed that he will serve as the executive producer and music supervisor on the TV series Motor City whose premise will be based upon the 2002 film Narc.
 
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