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U2U2乐队

地区: Ireland 爱尔兰
风格: 后朋克 Post-Punk, 学院摇滚 College Rock, 流行摇滚 Pop Rock, 另类摇滚 Alternative Rock
档案:
小档案
外 文 名 U2
国    籍 爱尔兰
出 生 地 爱尔兰
职    业 摇滚乐组合
代表作品 Out of Control、Pop
类    型 组合
出道时间 1976年10月
艺人资料
U2是一支成立于1976年的爱尔兰都柏林摇滚乐队,自80年代窜起走红之后,一直到进入21世纪的今天,仍然非常活跃于全球流行音乐乐坛。音乐风格上,除了传统的另类摇滚之外,在90年代中、后期U2也曾一度尝试过将摇滚与电子舞曲融合的流行摇滚。在歌曲主题上U2的创作内容也非常广泛,尤其是对于政治性的话题并不避讳,例如对社会公平公正的追求以及对人权问题的探讨与实践。
U2的创团起源于1976年10月时,当时14岁、就读于都柏林教堂山高中(Mount Temple High School)的小赖瑞·慕兰在学校的告示板上张贴了一张新乐队成立招募队员的告示。这张告示招来了其他四个队员的回应(包括伊凡斯兄弟),他们合组了一个叫“回授”的乐队(Feedback,回授这个字在音乐上有它特别的意义,意指吉他之类的拾音乐器与音箱间的共鸣现象)。
这个在赖瑞家厨房里组成的乐团在经过18个月的练习之后,以“兴奋”(The Hype)的队名参加了一个在1978年3月17日于爱尔兰利麦立克(Limerick)举办的艺人选秀活动,并且顺利拿到决赛的参加权。当时贝斯手亚当·克雷顿曾拜访爱尔兰著名的庞克摇滚乐大师史提夫·艾佛利尔(Steve Averill)讨论乐队命名的问题,史提夫认为“兴奋”这个队名听起来很糟,他们应该换一个响亮一点的队名。根据史提夫多年之后接受媒体采访时的回忆,由于1970年代时的音乐界通常都流行采用有意义的名词来作为队名,因此他们反其道而行,想要寻找一个简洁有力,可能可以牵扯出点道理,但实际上又没什么缘由的字词来当名字。当时亚当曾提议过他们想要像是“XTC”之类听起来很有力但无明确意义的称呼,因此在史提夫给亚当的建议名单里,总共有十个名字,包括排在最末尾的“U2”这个队名,都是类似这类风格的名称。后来,“U2”这队名雀屏中选,乐队也在决赛中获胜赢得500英镑的奖金,从此以后他们就以U2的队名闯荡音乐界,一直使用到今日。
由于“U2”这个队名打从一开始就蓄意地不想明确意指某种特定事物,但又好像跟很多事物有所牵扯,因此关于该乐队的名称,长久以来一直是乐迷们非常爱讨论争议的话题。有说法认为,U2这名字应该是源自美国空军在冷战时代所使用的U-2超高空侦察机,或者第二次世界大战时的德国潜艇代号(德文:U-Boot),两者都给人一种神秘莫测的感觉。但另一方面,也有人认为U2这队名象征了该乐队的表演哲学,意指他们不单只是在台上表演给台下群众观赏,而是希望能与听众互动的“你也一起来”(You too)哲学。总之,这种种解释可说是同时都对也同时都不对,各方解释不同。2008年12月12日,乐队主唱Bono因他为改善非洲贫困及落后所做的努力获得了诺贝尔和平奖提名。
U2一共获得22项格莱美奖,与史提夫·汪达共同保持这项纪录。其中包括“最佳摇滚团体”、“最佳歌曲”、“最佳专辑”、“最佳摇滚专辑”等奖项。另外还获得了7项全英音乐奖、14项爱尔兰流星音乐奖、1项全美音乐奖、10项Q杂志大奖、4项MTV音乐录像带大奖、2项朱诺奖、3项新音乐快递音乐奖以及2项金球奖。2005年入选摇滚名人堂、国际特赦组织 Ambassador of Conscience Award;2006年,因为作曲〈I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For〉和〈Vertigo〉而获得美国作曲家、作家和发行商协会奖。2012公告牌音乐获得 Top Touring Artist 最佳巡演歌手。以及2013其演唱的歌曲《Ordinary Love》获金球奖最佳影视歌曲。
在摇滚类奖项方面,U2乐队获2015年第57届格莱美奖最佳摇滚乐专辑奖的提名。
U2 are an Irish rock band from Dublin. Formed in 1976, the group consists of Bono (lead vocals and rhythm guitar), the Edge (lead guitar, keyboards, and backing vocals), Adam Clayton (bass guitar), and Larry Mullen Jr. (drums and percussion).U2's early sound was rooted in post-punk but eventually grew to incorporate influences from many genres of popular music. Throughout the group's musical pursuits, they have maintained a sound built on melodic instrumentals. Their lyrics, often embellished with spiritual imagery, focus on personal themes and sociopolitical concerns.
The band formed at Mount Temple Comprehensive School in 1976 when the members were teenagers with limited musical proficiency. Within four years, they signed with Island Records and released their debut album Boy. By the mid-1980s, U2 had become a top international act. They were more successful as a touring act than they were at selling records until their 1987 album The Joshua Tree which, according to Rolling Stone, elevated the band's stature "from heroes to superstars".Reacting to musical stagnation and criticism of their earnest image and musical direction in the late 1980s, U2 reinvented themselves with their 1991 album, Achtung Baby, and the accompanying Zoo TV Tour; they integrated dance, industrial, and alternative rock influences into their sound, and embraced a more ironic and self-deprecating image. They embraced similar experimentation for the remainder of the 1990s with varying levels of success. U2 regained critical and commercial favour in the 2000s with the records All That You Can't Leave Behind (2000) and How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb (2004), which established a more conventional, mainstream sound for the group. Their U2 360° Tour of 2009–2011 is the highest-attended and highest-grossing concert tour in history.
U2 have released 13 studio albums and are one of the world's best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 170 million records worldwide.They have won 22 Grammy Awards, more than any other band, and, in 2005, were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in their first year of eligibility. Rolling Stone ranked U2 at number 22 in its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".Throughout their career, as a band and as individuals, they have campaigned for human rights and philanthropic causes, including Amnesty International, the ONE/DATA campaigns, Product Red, War Child and the Edge's Music Rising.
Following Bono's recuperation, U2 embarked on the Innocence + Experience Tour in May 2015.Comprising 76 shows,the tour visited arenas in North America and Europe from May through December.The group structured their concerts around a loose autobiographical narrative of "innocence" passing into "experience", with a fixed set of songs for the first half of each show and a varying second half, separated by an intermission–a first for U2 concerts.The stage spanned the length of the venue floor and was divided into three sections: a rectangular main stage, a smaller circular B-stage, and a walkway between them. A 96-foot-long double-sided video screen was suspended above and parallel to the walkway; the structure featured an interior catwalk between the screens, allowing the band members to perform amidst the video projections.U2's sound system was moved to the venue ceilings and arranged in an oval array, in hopes of improving acoustics by evenly distributing sound throughout the arena.In total, the tour grossed $152.2 million from 1.29 million tickets sold.The final date of the tour, one of two Paris shows rescheduled due to the 13 November 2015 attacks in the city, was filmed for the video Innocence + Experience: Live in Paris and broadcast on the American television network HBO.
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  • Yvlio

    Yvlio(Le fils de l...)2017-10-30 10:18 赞(24) 弱(0)
    U2,说真的,由衷的感谢你们,你们和The Cranberries等‘’绿人国‘’乐队的出现,在当年正式让爱尔兰音乐迅速崛起,也让英国佬们闭上了挑剔的嘴,你们用事实证明了你们绝不可能比英伦诸岛们差,你们的存在扩充了世界摇滚乐殿堂的新纪元(就当时而言),也深深的影响了作为后生代爱尔兰的音乐人,比如The Script和Kodaline,感谢我的生活里有你们!
  • 羊羊

    羊羊(頭暈暈)2014-02-10 18:37 赞(218) 弱(1)
    我已经把手上所有U2单曲都发布了,单曲更新刷屏结束,希望大家喜欢这些单曲。
  • 黄色潜水艇

    黄色潜水艇(微笑,挥手,再见。)2012-05-13 21:02 赞(205) 弱(50)
    U2可以说是商业上最成功的乐队之一。他的吉他手THE EDGE ,虽然影响力不如一些摇滚吉他的大师,但是事实上THE EDGE却是一位相当出色的吉他手,他的NB不在于技术和速度,而是他对吉他音色的把握,对延时效果的运用,相当炉火纯青,他可以用相当简单的乐句弹出相当丰富的环境效果,值得很多金属吉他手反思和学习~

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