室内乐 / 重奏 Chamber Music

室内乐(Chamber music),又称室乐,是一种古典音乐作品的体裁,为几件在室内演奏的乐器所作。室内乐由几人合奏,每人各演奏一个声部,通常不含独奏。“室内”指音乐可以在空间较小的室内演奏。

Broadly speaking, chamber music is any ensemble music suited to a small room rather than to a large concert hall. Chamber ensembles range from two to eight or nine musicians, within families of string, wind, brass, and even percussion instruments, or combining diverse instruments. The most characteristic form is the string quartet (two violins, viola, and cello), perfected by Haydn. Chamber music of the Romantic era came mostly from composers who extended the forms they inherited from Mozart and Beethoven. Perhaps the greatest 19th century composer of chamber music was Brahms, whose depth of musical thought influenced even his most experimental successors. Chamber music in the 20th century showed composers making each piece of music into a miniature sound world of its own in a medium that would display what they were doing with maximum clarity. More new works are written today for chamber ensembles than for orchestra or the stage.

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