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多米尼加 | 默朗格 Merengue

默朗格舞曲(Merengue)多米尼加一种舞曲,据说是非洲和西班牙歌曲混合延伸而来,传说有可能是早期黑奴多遭到地主压榨劳力,为了防止奴隶逃走,往往将两个人的脚用脚镣铐在一起,以便利采收甘蔗,因此搭配鼓声,奴隶们随着鼓声,让两个人拖着脚步一起采收甘蔗,有一点像是,二人三脚的动作。不过默朗格舞曲真正来源已不可考。
1920年代多米尼加人Ñico Lora正式把此舞曲定位,多国独裁者楚希略于1930年代把默朗格舞曲风格推广到全国各地,由于其舞曲轻快,很快的就传遍各地。演奏默朗格舞曲的乐器主要有沙鼓、小喇叭、手风琴和多国特有的Güira(铁刷)。1980年代和1990年代,外流的多米尼加移民把默朗格舞曲传到国外,而逐渐的流行到美国东岸各大城市间。


Merengue is a type of music and dance originating in the Dominican Republic which has become one of the most popular genres throughout Latin America. The etymology of its name is much disputed. It may derive from the French dessert meringue, but it is also likely to be related to similar West African words related to dance and music.
Merengue was first mentioned around the middle of the 1800s. In the Dominican Republic it was promoted by Rafael Trujillo, the dictator from the 1930 to 1961, who turned it into the country's national music and dance style. In the United States it was first popularized by New York-based groups and bandleaders like Rafael Petiton Guzman, beginning in the 1930s, and Angel Viloria y su Conjunto Típico Cibaeño in the 1950s. It was during the Trujillo era that the merengue "Compadre Pedro Juan", by Luis Alberti, became an international hit and standardized the 2-part form of the merengue.



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