酸性爵士 Acid Jazz

酸爵士(英语:Acid Jazz),又译迷幻爵士,源于英国英格兰南部,是爵士乐的一种分支音乐类型,结合了部分灵魂乐、放克音乐(Funk)和迪斯科成分,尤其是循环拍子和调式和声方面。它在1980年-1990年间开始发展,由最初类似爵士放克(Jazz-funk)风格,转型至类似电子舞曲和波普音乐的混合。吉尔斯·彼得森(Gilles Peterson)和埃迪·皮尔勒(Eddie Piller)也成立了一家同样名为“酸爵士”(Acid Jazz Record,简称 Acid Jazz)的英国唱片公司,旗下歌手皆会唱酸爵士音乐。唱片公司愿意专为酸爵士出唱片,可见它很受欢迎(见右图)。酸爵士包含很多电子音乐元素,而且很适合作现场即兴改版演出,所以歌手都很喜欢在其演唱会演唱酸爵士歌曲。英格兰乐队“匿名者”(Incognito)和“新重骑兵”(Brand New Heavies)的演唱尤其着重酸爵士的和弦特质。酸爵士的发展也可算作爵士放克、灵魂爵士的复兴。因为多种乐器可作现场即兴演出,加上酸爵士特殊的编曲模式,让唱片骑师的“刮擦”技术得以体现 ─ 这协助诺曼·杰伊(Norman Jay)、吉尔斯·彼得森、帕特里克·福奇(Patrick Forge)等唱片骑师打响知名度。酸爵士的常用乐器包括:萨克斯管、小号、长号、单簧管、钢琴、吉他、低音提琴、鼓。

Acid jazz is a musical genre that combines elements of jazz, funk and hip-hop, particularly looped beats. It developed in the UK over the 1980s and 1990s and could be seen as tacking the sound of jazz-funk onto electronic dance: jazz-funk musicians such as Roy Ayers, Donald Byrd and Grant Green are often credited as forerunners of acid jazz. Acid jazz has also experienced minor influences from soul, house, and disco.
While acid jazz often contains various types of electronic composition (sometimes including sampling or live DJ cutting and scratching), it is just as likely to be played live by musicians, who often showcase jazz interpretation as part of their performance. The compositions of groups such as Jamiroquai, Galliano, Urban Species, The Brand New Heavies and Incognito often feature chord structures usually associated with jazz music.
The acid jazz "movement" is also seen as a revival of jazz-funk or jazz fusion or soul jazz by leading DJs such as Norman Jay or Gilles Peterson or Patrick Forge, also known as "rare groove crate diggers" or "Cataroos".
Q magazine stated "Acid jazz was the most significant jazz form to emerge out of the British music scene".

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