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美式乡村 Americana

早期商业操作的乡村音乐是与美国南部18、19世纪大不列颠移民带来的传统民歌谣一脉相承的。但早期乡村乐并不坚持口头叙事的传统,而是经常用小提琴这种乐器奏出旋律,代替人声的作用。乡村音乐家John Carson把这两种传统结合了起来,在1923年他的"78"这首歌中既演唱又演奏,被认为是早期乡村乐的第一首畅销单曲。

这一时期最负盛名的组合无疑是The Carter Family(卡特家族)----他们对乡村音乐发展的重要性怎么描述都不为过。他们是南部民谣传统的坚守者。他们被认为是"乡村第一家"(The First Family of Country Music),他们的那首歌《Will the Circle Be Unbroken》就象"野花"《Wildwood Flower》一样是乡村音乐的典范,并第一次把Maybelle Carter的极富感染力的吉他风格介绍给人们。The Stoneman of Galax,Virginia也是早期乡村乐的先驱者。

Jimmie Rodgers,"乡村音乐之父"。他把大众对乡村音乐的接受度提高到一个新的水平,并且是流行音乐史上最具影响力的歌手之一。他那独一无二的嗓音和为潦倒者写的歌词给它带来了全国性的知名度。由此,他为乡村乐打下了一个崭新的牢固的基础。他在那短暂的录音生涯(1927-33年)的原创,他的歌唱和写曲风格.
Much like its next of kin (alternative country-rock), Americana developed during the 1990s as a roots-oriented reaction to the slick commercial sounds that dominated mainstream country during the decade. But while alternative country-rock developed out of punk, alternative rock, and country itself, Americana sprung from less raw and edgy source material. In fact, much of what fell under the Americana umbrella was in fact a revival of dormant country styles, including Western swing and rockabilly. Though considered an alternative radio format, Americana did not break with country tradition; instead, it embraced it — something, ironically enough, that the music hitting the Nashville charts throughout the era did not do.



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