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前卫蓝草 Progressive Bluegrass

由乡村音乐派生而来的音乐流派。最初,它是作为一种乡村音乐继续发展的同时能够保持其纯净性的方法而存在的,后来蓝草发展成为一种具有自己风格与特点的流派。如果说到蓝草产生的原因,那么就是Bill Monroe;这个流派便是以他的乐队命名的(Bluegrass Boys)。Monroe在40年代中期开创了这种流派的标准风格——硬而快的节奏;高而密集的合声;并且显着地强调乐器的作用,后来,他在50年代将此流派普及。到那十年的结尾时,他们的音乐已经成为乡村音乐的一部分,并且,有众多的乐团跟上了他们的脚步。在60年代,像the Dillards这样的乐团让蓝草走得更远,他们在音乐中加入了摇滚和爵士元素并以此创造了蓝草流派的支派——现代蓝草(Progressive Bluegrass)。现代蓝草在接下来的三十年中继续发展,于此同时,传统蓝草继续守卫着蓝草的传统风格。

Bluegrass is one of the most rigid music genres, one that steadfastly refuses to change its direction. Therefore, Progressive Bluegrass is viewed with skepticism at best, derision at worst, by some hardcore bluegrass fans. Progressive bluegrass expands the sonic palette of bluegrass either by adding elements of jazz, folk, country, and rock, or by amplifying the instruments. The subgenre developed in the late '60s, but it flourished in the '70s, when bands like the Dillards, Boone Creek, Country Gazette, and New Grass Revival began coming to the forefront of bluegrass and folk festivals. Throughout the '80s and '90s, progressive bluegrass continued to evolve, moving closer toward folk and rock in some quarters and closer to jazz in others.



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