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黑金属 Black Metal

黑金属(英语:Black metal)是在重金属音乐中一个分支流派。黑金属的曲风特色总体来説,运用尖叫式的黑腔、强烈失真的吉他、猛烈却阴沉的双大鼓、快速行进的节奏和旋律,给人冷冽、黑暗、带有绝望的感受。

黑金属流派初期的代表乐团包含Bathory、Mercyful Fate、Hellhammer、Celtic Frost和Venom。这些乐团的根基建立在鞭笞金属(英语:Thrash metal)流派上。直到1980年代到1990年代早期又有所谓第二波黑金属在挪威出现,像是Darkthrone和Mayhem乐团。尽管没有明确的第三波黑金属定义,但是现代黑金属乐队的曲风和歌词上对比起老的黑金属乐队,吸收了很多其他音乐风格的元素。
黑金属具有很强烈的反主流意识,主要是因为许多乐队的厌世感和反基督教态度。同时,少数黑金属乐队因爲和焚毁教堂、杀人和国家社会主义的紧密关系而闻名。黑金属音乐总体来説是一个地下音乐流派,因爲和主流品味背道而驰以及多数黑金属音乐人的低调处世态度。

黑金属的表现形式

1.黑金属使用的乐器上除了传统的吉他贝斯鼓外,黑金属的分支流派交响黑金属经常会使用电子合成器以及其他的古典乐器像是钢琴,小提琴,大提琴或者是歌剧的女高音。

2.现代黑金属音乐的最主要特征是高失真吉他进行的反复扫弦,同时极少使用吉他独奏(solo);鼓的方面大多数乐队使用双大鼓连踩(或是双踏),以及小鼓、双面钹(Hi-hat)、定音钹(Ride)的连击,有些乐队特别是单人乐队经常在录音时使用鼓机来代替真鼓。

3.多数黑金属乐队的主唱使用尖利的黑嗓进行歌唱,与死亡金属使用的死嗓不同之处在于,黑嗓的发声方式更爲靠近两颚。早期黑金属乐队的歌词基本上都是有关反基督,凟神和撒旦崇拜,而后期的黑金属乐队的歌词内容则丰富很多,包括厌世、自杀、反人类、虚无主义、神秘学、宇宙、国家社会主义、纳粹、战争、奇幻等内容;而与此相对应,极少数的黑金属乐队的歌词内容则是关于基督和圣经。

黑金属的分支流派

原始黑金属(Raw Black Metal)
自杀黑金属(Depressive Black Metal)
交响黑金属(Symphonic Black Metal)
旋律黑金属(Melodic Black Metal)
维京黑金属(Viking Black Metal)
异教黑金属(Pagan Black Metal)
民谣黑金属(Folk Black Metal)
纳粹黑金属(National Socialist Black Metal)

Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music. Common traits include fast tempos, shrieked vocals, highly distorted guitars played with tremolo picking, blast beat drumming, raw recording and unconventional song structures.

During the 1980s, several thrash metal bands formed a prototype for black metal. This so-called "first wave" included bands such as Venom, Bathory, Hellhammer and Celtic Frost. A "second wave" arose in the early 1990s, spearheaded by Norwegian bands such as Mayhem, Burzum, Darkthrone, Immortal and Emperor. The early Norwegian black metal scene developed the style of their forebears into a distinct genre. Norwegian-inspired black metal scenes emerged throughout Europe and North America, although some other scenes developed their own styles with no connection to the Norwegian one.

Initially a synonym for "Satanic metal", black metal has often been met with hostility from mainstream culture, mainly due to the misanthropic and anti-Christian views of many artists. Moreover, several of the genre's pioneers have been linked with church burnings and murder. Some artists have also been linked to neo-Nazism, although most black metal fans and most prominent black metal artists shun Nazism and oppose its influence on the black metal subculture.Much like punk, the black metal community generally condemns the seeking of mainstream success or attention, preferring the genre to remain underground.



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