英伦摇滚 Britpop

所谓"Britpop",可以直接翻译成“英式摇滚”或“英伦摇滚”。britpop作为一种音乐类型,自然难以被绝对化定义,所以以下定义都是相对而言。 典型的britpop由吉它,贝司,鼓组成。当中吉他是核心,通常以简单,略带迷幻色彩的扫弦为主,其和弦走向亦主导全曲;贝司负责低音部分的旋律,通常演奏和弦中的琶音;鼓多以中速演奏。从曲风上看,britpop继承了beatles时代以来的吉他流行风格,又吸纳了60年代晚期Kinks的田园之声,中速音乐(the Who, the Small Faces),70年代的迷幻(David Bowie, T.Rax, Roxy Music),朋克和新浪潮(the Jam, the Buzzcocks, Wire, Madness, XTC, Squeeze, Elvis Costello),还有the Smiths的另类吉他流行。从内容上看,britpop大多演唱同时代英国青年自己的生活,色彩多以黯淡,颓靡,桀骜为主,也由此在短时期内迅速风靡英伦三岛。

Britpop is a subgenre of alternative rock that originated in the United Kingdom. Britpop emerged from the British independent music scene of the early 1990s and was characterised by bands influenced by British guitar pop music of the 1960s and 1970s. The movement developed as a reaction against various musical and cultural trends in the late 1980s and early 1990s, particularly the grunge phenomenon from the United States. In the wake of the musical invasion into the United Kingdom of American grunge bands, new British groups such as Suede and Blur launched the movement by positioning themselves as opposing musical forces, referencing British guitar music of the past and writing about uniquely British topics and concerns. These bands were soon joined by others including Oasis, Pulp, Supergrass, Sleeper and Elastica.Britpop groups brought British alternative rock into the mainstream and formed the backbone of a larger British cultural movement called Cool Britannia. Although its more popular bands were able to spread their commercial success overseas, especially to the United States, the movement largely fell apart by the end of the decade.

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