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跳跃布鲁斯 Jump Blues

跳跃布鲁斯(Jump Blues)是布鲁斯音乐的子风格之一,它是一种快节奏的布鲁斯。它于1940年代产生,受到当时有大型乐队爵士支撑的摇摆乐(Swing)的影响,将中小型乐队融入到布鲁斯音乐中。所以它是介于传统布鲁斯和摇摆乐之间的一种折衷的风格。它影响了节奏蓝调(R&B)和摇滚等后来的主流音乐,又成为 90 年代摇摆复兴的主要元素。

特征
在Jump Blues中,通常有一个大型的小号乐团或者一个小型爵士乐队作为支撑,歌者在前面领唱。它通常有很有驱动力的摇摆节奏、强烈的喊吼、次中音的萨克斯独奏,这些也都成为后来摇滚乐的特色。

流行时段
1940年代

英文简介
Jump Blues refers to an uptempo, jazz-tinged style of blues that first came to prominence in the mid- to late '40s. Usually featuring a vocalist in front of a large, horn-driven orchestra or medium sized combo with multiple horns, the style is earmarked by a driving rhythm, intensely shouted vocals, and honking tenor saxophone solos -- all of those very elements a precursor to rock & roll. The lyrics are almost always celebratory in nature, full of braggadocio and swagger. With less reliance on guitar work (the instrument usually being confined to rhythm section status) than other styles, jump blues was the bridge between the older styles of blues -- primarily those in a small band context -- and the big band jazz sound of the 1940s.(By Allmusic)



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